Why Ethiopia must focus on Thinking Skills Development?
The 21st century is characterized by pace of change. Today, high competition and application of ICT have created the need for organizations to respond rapidly to market demands. what was needed to be a skilled person in 19th century society (including brawn(muscle) power and using horse power) differs dramatically from the expertise needed to be a well-educated and capable 21st century citizen (including brain power and using “hertz power” – computing and digital tools). It is imperative that we equip our students with 21st century generic skills to enable them to navigate the challenges of a globalized society and an increasingly knowledge based workplace.
In the 21st C, there is no lack of information, may be over flow of information. The rapid advancement in the technology has made it easy to store unimaginable amount of information/data on the palm of our hand and it’s so easy to remember and understand the information within seconds using the internet and other sources.
So, the question now is not how to remember or understand something rather construct knowledge using the information, apply it in real life situations, breakdown the information identifying cause and effect relationships making analysis, evaluating the information and finally create something new out of the information that can benefit yourself, family as well as the country.
Here is why developing Thinking Skills is very timely! Thinking skills are important because mastery of the ‘basics’ in education (literacy, math, science etc.), however well taught, are not sufficient to fulfill human potential, or to meet the demands of the labor market or of active citizenship. These ‘higher order’ thinking skills are required, in addition to basic skills. The complexity of modern jobs requires people who can comprehend, judge and participate in generating new knowledge and processes. A ‘thinking skills’ approach suggests that learners must develop awareness of themselves as thinkers and learners,(learn how to think rather than learning what to think) practice strategies for effective thinking and to develop the habits of intelligent behavior that are needed for lifelong learning.
This is why, we at Think Africa, are working tirelessly to introduce the concept and give teachers practical tools to apply them in their schools.